6月18日托福口語預測機經

時間:2016-06-14  / 編輯:一諾留學
   A

  Task 1

  Describe a job, career or profession which you wish to pursue. Explain why this job is your ideal job. Include reasons and details to support your response.

  Task 3

  【個人倡議】:health center 的問題,文章說病人看病通常等很久,而且即使等上了,也是一下就檢查完了,因為醫生已經overworked了,所以提出兩條建議:1、增加醫生 2、要求醫生周末也上班。

  【學生態度】:男的反對說:health center太小了,增加醫生會使space顯得更小,不方便,另外,周末在學校的學生本來就不多,大家都回家去happy,而且也不一定會生病,沒必要要求醫生上班。

  B

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】一個ecosystem中,prey和predator之間的population 是相互影響的。

  【教授舉例】以wolves和mice數量之間互相影響為例,根據相對population size分三個phases循環:

  1 Prey(mice)多,predator(wolf)食物充足,(wolf)population增加。

  2 Prey(mice)少了,predator(wolf)食物減少了,(wolf)population減少

  3 Population 平衡了。

  Task5

  【學生困難】男生今晚得去visit museum找資料完成art class論文(明天museum將被closed),但他晚上又要上課。

  【解決方案】女生建議:1 miss the class tonight, 去museum. 回頭借同學筆記抄 2 to talk with professor of art to postpone the due date, 男生說教授會生氣。 描述男生遇到的困難,女生給的兩個建議,你的建議及理由。

  Task 6

  【講課要點】Reinforcement is a method to change one’s behavior. Reinforcement分positive reinforcement和negative reinforcement兩種。教授舉例:You must get up early to go work. 不喜歡早起,為讓自己早起,有兩種辦法:Positive: add sth. Make you happy. 要么給giving 自己positive reward, you can reward yourself by delicious breakfast. 就可讓自己早起。 Negative: remove sth that make you unhappy. 要么remove negative things, change the shower time, which you feel uncomfortable, to evening. 這樣人也就不會那么討厭早起了。

  C

  Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Young people today are more informed about the world events than their parents when they were young. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  D

  Task 1

  What do you think is ONE of the most important characteristics that a good teacher should have? Include specific reasons and details in your explanation.

  Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? While choosing friends, people should always choose those who have different interests from their own. Include specific reasons and examples in your explanation.

  Task 6

  【講課要點】Marine animals protect themselves by producing lights. There were 2 ways: 方式一、sudden flash bright light: 舉例:When they are under attack, deep-sea shrimps will give a short period bright light to frighten the attackers, and deep-sea sea shrimps can escape. 方式二、constant flash bright light; 舉例: Since their predators always hunt animals by judging dark shades, hatchet fish give constant light to make themselves seem like sunshine. By doing this, their predators can hardly find them.

  E

  Task 1

  Describe a special gift you gave to some else. Explain why it is a special gift? Include details to support your explanation.

  Task 2

  When you earn a little extra money, is it better to spend your money or is it better to save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

  Task 3

  【學校通知】為了節能大學計劃:1 關掉圖書館的燈,代之以節就燈。 2 調高空調air-condition的溫度。

  【學生態度】女生反對此計劃。理由 1 學校應該把學校里的很多空教室的燈關掉來達到節能的目的。節能燈太暗,學生還得自己帶臺燈。理由2 如果關掉空調,in hot day,圖書館就不夠comfortable, 就沒人去圖書館學習了,大家只能在宿舍復習了,但是宿舍又太吵,所以很難專心復習。

  F

  Task 1

  Which technology has made the greatest impact on people’s life in your contry? Airplane, computer or television, use specific reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 2

  Some people believe that it is better for children to grow up in big cities. Others believe that it is better for children to grow up in small towns or rural areas. What is your opinion and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 3

  【學校通知】the university is considering moving the student theater center from campus to the nearby downtown. 好處 1. Downtown theater has a larger space, and it can contain more audiences. 好處2 the new theater will have better technical facilities, so that students can get better light and sound while they are appreciating performances.

  【學生態度】男生反對此計劃。理由1. Audiences in the downtown theater are mainly students. It is quite inconvenient for them to drive for 20 min to get there to see performances, so few of them would like to go to the new theater. 理由2 the facilities in school theater are quite basic and easy to operate. However, students are not professional and well-trained, and the facilities in downtown theater will be too complex for students to operate. So, students might end up with worse lights and sounds than what they have now. So, better facilities are not necessary.

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】Human behavior consists of a serial of simple behavior.有一種教育方法叫behavior chaining(行為鏈鎖),有時候教小孩子一件事,把complex activity 分解開來一步一步教,他們更容易理解掌握。

  【教授舉例】一個教授教他三歲的女兒如何洗手。洗手過程行為分解為五個步驟。1.打開水龍頭turn on the water 2. Wet the hands; 3 put some soap; 4. Rinse hands; 5 turn off the water. 教授先一步一步地教女兒分解動作,直到她熟悉一個動作后,再教她下一個動作。最后把所有動作連接起來,他女兒就學會如何洗手了。

  Task 5

  【學生困難】男生明天要去參加一個job interview,可是他把西裝suit落在他父母家了。

  【解決方案】男生自己對自己說出兩個方案; 方案1 借室友的西裝。男生說roommate的西裝不合身,有點兒big, looks sluggish. 如果穿roommate的西裝去參加面試,可能會給招聘官留一個不好的impression. 方案2 去商店買一套新的,男生說挺貴的,他想攢錢買輛自行車,如果買衣服就沒錢買車了。

  Task 6

  【講課要點】2 stages of children’s social development in playing: Stage 1: associative play: if some three to four years old children play together with same material, they think and behavior in different ways, for example, while some 3-4 years children are playing blocks together, little Johnny may use blocks to build a car and little Mary may use blocks to build an airplane. Stage 2: Cooperative play: if some four to six years old children play together with the same material, they may create a house together. They may discuss about how it should look like, how many rooms it should have and how the roof should look like.

  G

  Task 1

  What benefits will you have if you attend a university or college in a foreign country? Include reasons and details to support your response.

  Task 5

  【學生困難】男生所在的psychology study group 里有個規矩:每次輪著去一個組員的apartment 里have dinner后學習,去誰家誰就要cook.. It’s his turn 今天,男生說他studies in the library all the afternoon. 忘記今晚要給學習小組做飯了,他擔心來不及回家cook了。

  【解決方案】男生自己說出兩個方案:方案1、去附近的restaurant buy外賣帶回家,餐館里東西也很好吃,男生不愿意去參觀買,因為給6個人買外賣too expensive。而且他其實已經買好做飯的材料了,就是沒時間做而已。方案2、打電話給group members,讓他們晚一點來他的apartment,留出時間他做飯,但這樣可能比較晚,大家會餓著,且可能沒時間做討論了。

  Task 6

  【講課要點】為逃避天敵survive,昆蟲采取兩種mimicry: 第一種,偽裝成predator的predator,來嚇跑predator.舉例:有種fly偽裝成某種能sting 的bee, 盡管它沒刺,但看上去比以前bigger了,它的捕食者think it is dangerous,就不去惹他,第二種,偽裝成predator本身的樣子,look unattractive to predators, predator以為它是自己人,就不攻擊他了。舉例:有種moth偽裝成jumping spider,身體color與jumping spider的相同,真spider以為它是friend,就不找他了。

  H

  Task 1

  Describe the steps, through which you once learned a new thing and explain how you learned it. Please include details and examples in your response.

  Task 3

  【學生倡議】一個學生寫信建議圖書館限制一次性借書數量最多借十本limit the number of books borrowed from library, 理由1 大多數學生一次錯太多書看不過來,理由2 許多人借的時間太長,不按時還甚至看書,影響他人借書,這樣可以減少圖書館每年丟書的數目。

  【學生態度】女生反對,理由1,不應受限,she has 4.5門課many lessons and have to research, she uses lots of books when writing research paper,一次就需要查20本書, so she needs many books at a time. 所以還是把書接回家寫好。理由2 圖書館這樣做明顯是不信任學生,她從不會不按時還,不會把書弄丟,never lost or misplace any books, she thinks school must trust its students coz they are adults. They can take good care of the book they borrowed.

  Task 6

  【講課要點】女教授講古人類early human為了保暖,為了嚇跑動物,要使火不滅to keep the fire burning的方法有兩種手段two ways; 手段1,technological knowledge, 當閃電擊中樹木著火之后,古人類發現圍在火邊很暖和,但沒過多久,木頭燒完后火就滅了fire die out.當他們偶然發現木頭wood其實是一種fuel讓火一直燃燒,要keep fire burning, 就要往火里不停加木頭add wood. 手段2 social skills, 如果大家同時睡覺的話,火就會滅掉,大家輪流看守火種,(一些人去sleep了,另一些人就照看著火)加木頭take turns to look after the fire to keep it burning all the time. Cooperate, cooperation.

  I

  Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should do some work, like part-time jobs before attending college. Use specific reasons and examples in your answer.

  Task 3

  【個人倡議】:一個學生在校報上寫倡議書,建議學校應該延長課間休息時間increase time between classes from 10 to 20 min. 理由1. 從一個教室到另一個教室十分鐘內趕課來不及,有些學生上課會遲到may be late for the next class, cannot arrive on time. 理由2. 現在的課間休息break時間太短,學生沒有時間課下問老師問題no time to talk to professors.延長課間休息時間學生下課后可以問老師問題。

  【學生態度】:男生反對此倡議。理由1. 實際上很多課上課的教室在同一棟教學樓teaching building里,教室之間的距離并不遠not quite far away from each other, 一般只有8、9分鐘完全可以走到下一節課的教室,10 min is enough for students to go to different classes. Even if因教室距離太遠you arrive late, the professor will be understanding, 不會責怪你,甚至會主動幫你補全你的缺的課fill what you have missed for you. 理由2. 學生不必在課間問問題not necessary,課間問教授問題是一個比較private的事情,對于大多數學生比較unfair,教授平時都have their regular office hours for students to ask questions. 學生可以那時候去拜訪或者郵件send email問教授問題。

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】:刺激區辨(stimulus discrimination)。動物會通過sound, smell, movement 等等來作為stimulus傳遞信號。動物們能依靠聽辨recognize/distinguish相近的聲音,來判斷另一種動物是不是有威脅。

  【教授舉例】:教授舉了海報seal的例子。有一種whale叫虎鯨orcas,會吃掉海豹,但是其他orca is harmless to seal,都是吃魚的。海豹seal依靠聽辨predator和harmless不同的sound來區分不同的orcas。如果對方的聲音不complex,叫聲很simple,one note,monotonous,high pitch sound,repetitive,over and over again它們就知道對方是海豹的predator,要捕食它們了,這時就要立即escape了。如果對方的叫聲complex,like music,由幾個音調note參雜在一起with variation,它們就知道對方是non-predator,harmless,就不用緊張keep on eating,才save energy不run away。

  Task 5

  【學生困難】:女生Monica周末回了趟父母家,把數學書落在父母家了forgot her text book in her parent’s home,數學作業做不成assignment。tomorrow要交。

  【解決方案】:男生給她兩個建議:1.找室友Emily借數學書,但女生說室友現在正在用那本書do assignment,她只能等著室友用完以后hours later借來看,熬夜做作業,she may only have little sleep. 建議2. 明天開車回家取數學書drive back to home to get the textbook, 等她把書取回來以后再做作業。女的說她也希望用自己的書。好處:就算你遲交了教授也能理解,但是女生說數學老師要求嚴格is very strict,晚交一天作業怕拿不了滿分。

  Task 6

  【講課要點】:商家在用廣告做比較營銷(comparative marketing)時,指的是在做廣告的時候提到competitor,讓competitor顯得inferior,這樣自己的就顯得better。但這樣做可能面臨兩個risks:1. 做廣告是,會mention the competitor’s brand name for a lot of times, will increase consumer’s memory of their products.舉例:某某soft drink的廣告說自己比另一種飲料好喝tester better,因為提到了對手的名字,讓觀眾知道了對手的名字,轉而去購買對手的產品,他們自己的銷量反而下降了。2. 做廣告,本想拉攏競爭對手的消費者,但如果說過火了,就會 insult potential customers,尤其對那些currently use products of competitors,引起他們的反感。舉例:shampoo A廣告說如果使用A顧客頭發很beautiful and shining。如果使用B,顧客頭發很糟糕bad hair,會讓那些本來就在用shampoo B feel insulted,因為他們發現自己的頭發狀況也很好,會導致正在使用B的消費者反感,they will never switch to A.

  J

  Task 1

  Many cities have traffic congestions (traffic jams). What do you think a city should do to deal with traffic jams and why? Include reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】:interest boosting(興趣激發):in class, to boost students’ interest教室為吸引學生注意力應該把一個學生覺得沒有意思的書本內容與學生感興趣的內容結合在一起by showing the material of the subject.

  【教授舉例】:教授舉了他妻子的例子。教授的妻子是一個高中老師,教學生化學課,她想跟學生講有關居里夫人的故事,但是他的學生都不感興趣care about,不能集中精力。后來改成放一個關于居里夫人的電影movie which related to the subject, 說了一些她的發明和故事because she thinks that students love that movie and the main actor. 電影里有很popular的演員,as a result,學生很愛看,也對這門課產生了濃厚的興趣,students really paid more attention.

  K

  Task 1

  Your university is planning to allow students to watch TV in their dormitories. What is your opinion and why? What are the advantages and disadvantages of watching TV in dormitories? Include reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 3

  【學生倡議】:一個叫Mark的學生給大學newspaper寫信說大學應該改變校車服務。好處1.增加更多校園巴士run buses more frequently 可以reduce waiting time,更efficient。好處2. 走更合理路線,學生可以不用開車來學校了,會有更少的學生自己開車上學,更多同學乘buses。

  【學生態度】:女生贊成totally agrees。理由1. 可以節約學生時間,目前校車班次太少,以前學生從城市的一邊到另一邊趕課,如果錯過一班校車,下一班要等太久,她以前坐校車害得她要等20分鐘。有一次chemistry class遲到,所以她只有開車來學校。理由2. 可讓開車的人省錢,現在gas 很expensive,雖然short way, but the cost can add up 很花錢 a short dirve will cost much,坐校車 better option,可以提供一個switch, she will go back t the bus.

  L

  Task 2

  Some people think that employees should be required to wear formal suits by their bosses. Other people think that employees should be required to wear casual clothes by their bosses. What is your opinion and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

  Task 5

  【學生困難】:男生Sam is in charge of the classic movie club.這星期他還邀請到一個教授在放映一部電影前介紹這部電影,但是教授因為家里臨時有急事family emergency, canceled this lecture.

  【解決方案】:男生自己想了兩個方案:1. 推遲放映reschedule,但是男生怕好多學生因臨時沒看到通知還是來參加這個活動了。2.男生自己準備材料,給同學介紹這部電影,但就會少了Q&A環節,因為他沒法回答學生問題。

  M

  Task 1

  A friend of yours is preparing for a presentation. Which way you recommend your friend should take? To watch experienced speakers’ representations or to practice more in front of many people. Explain why? Include reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 3

  【學校通知】:學校計劃降低能耗,理由1. 為舊樓加裝密閉好的窗戶,2. 減少一些學生不多的building的開放時間。

  【學生態度】:男生同意。理由1. 那些舊樓確實需要裝密閉窗戶。天冷時,窗戶漏風,坐在窗邊冷颼颼的,耗費能源也多。理由2.那些hall lag到那么晚,但確只有幾個學生在晚上用,他們幾個人要用的話,完全可以去student study center or library.

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】:synomone(互益素):指的是兩種動物之間釋放出的chemical signal互惠互利。

  【教授舉例】:教授以兩種魚為例Prople釋放出的chemical signal吸引clowfish,而clowfish釋放出的chemical signal吸引一種大魚,這樣prople吃了大魚,也保護了clowfish。

  Task 5

  【學生困難】:男生本打算這周末回家給母親慶祝生日,但paper要交,沒寫完。

  【解決方案】:兩方案:1. 不回了,爹媽能理解;方案2. 帶著paper回,兩不誤。

  N

  Task 2

  Some people prefer a job with a lot of business travels. Others prefer a job without business travels. Which kind of job do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

  Task 3

  【大學通知】:大學計劃把concert舉辦到校外去students in the university orchestra will perform in local school.理由1. 給學生更多機會鍛煉They will have more chances to perfrom. 理由2. 提高高校的reputation,引起schoolchild學音樂的興趣inspire the kids to learn musical instruments.

  【男生態度】:男生贊成此倡議。理由1. 現在每年只有一次的concert, students in the university orchestra only can perform once at the end of the semester. They practice and rehearse a lot. So it is a shame to perform once and the policy will give them more chances to perform. 理由2. 可以幫助孩子們提高音樂興趣they perform the concerts in local schools which will inspire the kids to learn musical instruments. It gets harder to learn when older. The man did not learn violin very young. He had spent quite some time to catch up with others. He thought if he started learning violin at a young age, it would be easier for him.

  O

  Task 1

  Which of the following activities would you like to do most if you work in a hospital as a volunteer? 1. to talk with patients 2. to read books to patients 3. to talk with patients’ family members. Explain why? Include reasons and examples to support your response.

  Task 2

  Some people prefer work alone. Others prefer to work with others in a team. Which kind of work do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

  Task 3

  【大學通知】:大學計劃吸引更多讀者讀校報,理由1. 大學要把報紙價格降價。理由2.大學會叫人把校報直接送到學生宿舍去。

  【學生態度】:女生反對此計劃。理由1.報紙價格已經很便宜了,只要50美分就可以知道校園的動向,2.校報規模不大,沒有那么多員工和車,可能無法及時送到,特別是偏遠校區。女生建議學校買個小車并擴大規模。

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】:natural consequence:小孩做錯事,達人口頭不用懲罰,由著做錯事的結果來懲罰孩子。

  【教授舉例】:教授給了個例子,教授5歲的女兒在后院玩了玩具經常不收進來,教授怎么說怎么懲罰都沒用,每次都是他幫女兒收拾進來。一天女兒還是把玩具放在后院,教授沒有幫收拾,那天晚上下雨,把她的毛絨玩具都弄上泥巴了,女兒非常sad,在這件事后認識到自己的錯,以后就記得把玩具收進來了。

  Task 5

  【學生困難】:男生要print paper,但是他得去學校student center打印,student center離他宿舍太遠不方便。

  【解決方案】:兩方案:1. 從同學那買個二手的打印機,才15塊,但是比較容易壞,并且打印效果不好。2. 買全新的,貴,但是男生還有兩年畢業,可以買個新的也比較值。

  P

  Task 3

  【個人倡議】:一學生寫信給校報說學校應讓在校生visit the mentors in an office place. 好處1. they can discuss about academic activities in school. 2. students will learn more about their future career from the mentors.

  【學生態度】:女生反對此建議。理由1. 學生現在很忙,沒時間拜訪they don’t have time to visit office places off campus. Also, there is a student center on campus to help them answer these questions and it open all day, which is convenient to students. However, most students don’t know about it because it hasn’t been advertised in appropriate way. 理由2. it’s enough to get advices from their parents, academic advisor and professor, advices from more resources may make students confused.

  Task 4

  【名詞解釋】:virtue by association (美德聯想):People tent do think others are better than they actually are if they are associated with something famous or people prefer.

  【教授舉例】:the professor takes an example about an election of major in his hometown. Before the election, he was too busy to read any article, to listen to any speech or anything related to get the background. However, there was once candidate from a famous small town which was good at business and organizes community. What’s more, the candidate’s mother was a mayor 20 years ago. Therefore, he thought that man has the ability to take this position and others voted to him too. However, at last, that man wasn’t able to work as a mayor because he didn’t bring any business to the city after the election.

  Task 5

  【學生困難】:The man Jim wants to go for a hiking camp with his friends this weekends, but he is not sure if he should take the trip to the mountain or not, because he is not completely recovered from the cold.

  【解決方案】:1. cancel it, because there are some exams next week. 但是會讓朋友們失望。2. 仍然participate the hiking,但是做好保暖的措施prepare enough (medicine and warm cloth)防止更sick, the top of the mountain is so chill for a patient.

  Task 6

  【講課要點】:Salt soil is accumulated during the irrigation. People can use two solutions to deal with this problem: 1. use pipes to lead extra water away, accompany with bring back the extra salt. 2. plant some resistant crops which can grow in the salt soil.

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  • 姓名:張征

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加入一諾留學前,曾任職于太傻咨詢北京總部,先后擔任咨詢部理工組組長、文商組組長。后在天道留學擔任高級咨詢經理,有多年的申請經驗,對北美研究生申請有非常深刻的理解,熟悉歐美教育體系。從業以來先后為多位學生提供過咨詢指導。
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